The Human Genome Project:

- The Human Genome Project was a 13- year, international effort with the main goals of sequencing all 3 billion base pairs of human DNA and identifying all human genes.

DNA Sequencing was the center of the Human Genome Project.

The goals of this project were to:
- Identify all the 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA.
- Determine the sequence of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA.
- Store information in databases.
- Improve tools for data analysis.
- Transfer related technologies to the private sector.

One of the key research areas of the Human Genome Project was a new field of study called bioinformatics.

The Human Genome Project allows us to discover the molecules that help make up the DNA code. It gave us more information about chromosomes.

The human genome in its haploid form contains three billion nucleotide bases.
Half of our genome is made up of DNA sequences from viruses and other genetic elements within human chromosomes.
More then 40% of the proteins coded for by our genome have strong similarity to proteins in many of those organisms, including fruit flies..etc.
The information may help us find Dna sequences associated with diabetes, cancer, and other health problems.
The project transferred important new technologies to the private sector, including agriculture and medicine. (New medicine applications)

- The Human Genome Project pinpointed genes and associated particular sequences in those genes with numerous diseases and disorders. It also identified about three million locations where single-base DNA differences occur in humans.